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Cavalos

Lavradeiros Galloping

History

They came with the colonizers brought from Portugal, Spain, North Africa and Cape Verde, and therefore represent before pure or mestizos of Arab races, Barbo and Andaluz. the horse its originated from Iberia Brazil for many routes from Central America, through Peru, crossing the Andes and reaching Brazil by nor you Argentino; another was directly from Argentina or Paraguay, atr bird Jesuit missions and the latter directly from Penin Iberian Sula, the importation of horses of Andalusia. in the state in Roraima, the introduction of horses were primarily derived of small villages along the Black and Amazo rivers on, therefore welcome animals descendants of Nordest and Brazilian. there was also the introduction of animals Pure Blood English by Cooperative Republic of Guyana, the former British Guiana, the Farmers plowed exchanged horses Thoroughbred by cattle. Horses were used to the crossing with lavradeiros and for the event where is "Horse races" were one of the attractions. Since the arrival of the first heads of cattle pa ra the extensive savannah areas of Roraima, brought by M anoel of Gama Lobo d'Almada in 1789 occurred in parallel the introduction of horses to deal with cattle. By 1920 the cattle population at the farms was approximately 300,000 head and 10,000 equines. Livestock was constituted thus in pri ncipal economic activity in the region in order to maintain and ensure Portuguese permanence. The horses that were meant gone They began to multiply freely in the savannas and thousands of animals were found without any con gig man (unbranded and unowned). In this situation p roasted several generations of natural selection. this so they have acquired characteristics p oint of be recognized by scientific means as the s races native horses of Brazil. Farmers now designate "Wild Horses Roraima" alluding to the fact not have owner and born, grow and multiply without no interference of man. In reality, it s erem domestic animals, would be "provided Wild in". Per live free in the savanna fields, or cerrado connized locally as plowed became known as "Lavradeiros" or "lavradeiros horses." Currently, with the demarcation of indigenous areas (Reservations San Marcos and Raposa Serra do Sol) and retir ada not Indians areas, farmers have left in their and x- property some horses. These animals returned , so the live again with little contact with the people Indians who remained in the savannah region.

Habitat

In Lavrado the Maruai, an area of ​​approximately 300.00 0 ha, extending between Surumu Parimé and rivers, conf rontando- to the north with the hill and down Flexal Surumu and the this by Parimé rivers and Uiraricoera in the state of Roraima. O horse is relatively small and adapted to a grassland has very long dry period. But he has adapted also for the rainy season, when the fields overflow - his hooves are small and tough. Among lavradeiros, the index of incidence of infectious anemia is 50%, but Mai oria them shows no typical symptoms.

Population

Between 1,260 and 1,680 Threat race: Crosses with other breeds Equine infectious anemia (EIA) Classification: At risk (endangered)

Morphological characteristics

Small, average height of 1.40m. All hair are accepted except depigmentation of the skin (albino) and iris (Albinóide), small and medium-sized ears, neck ret the and wide, average weight of 280 kg. active and docile temperament, tempo trot type. Qualities of the breed: Hardiness and resistance Economic importance: Used in livestock Conservation cores: Embrapa Roraima Phenotypic characteristics Horse Lavradeiro: Average height of the withers: 140 cm; Coats: brown, dark gray, rosilha, alazã and bay, with predominance of the first two; Ears: Small and medium; Neck: Straight and wide; Horsehair: Thick and abundant; back injury Length: Short; Croup: inclined; Angulation of the forelimbs: regular and good; Aplombs hindlimbs: regular; Colors of the hulls: black and brindle; Size of hooves: small; Average weight: 280 kg (the field).

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